Parrots and Cockatoos

This group of large to medium sized birds have large, even massive, beaks which are suited to eating plant tubers, fruit and seeds. They use feet and beaks for support whilst clambering about the trees in search of food.


The IOC listing for the order Psittaciformes, Cockatoos and Parrots contains over 89 genera covering some 359 species. Using common names we have Parrots 100, Parakeets 82, Lorikeets 40, Amazons 32, Lory 17, Parrotlets 17, Macaws 16, Cockatoos 14, Lovebirds 9, Racket-tails 8, Fig-Parrots 5, Corellas 5, Rosellas 4 plus about 10 others.


Americas – 155 species - Parrots, Parakeets, Macaws, Parrotlets and Amazons.
Australia –142 species - Parrots, Parakeets, Cockatoos, Lorikeets and Fig-Parrots.
Asia – 39 species – Parrots, Parakeets and Racket-tails.
Africa – 23 species – Parrots and Lovebirds.

  • Parrots found, mainly,not exclusively, in tropical forest regions, Africa, Australasia and the Americas.
  • Macaws are Parrots with heavy beaks and long tails found in South and Central America.
  • Cockatoos, medium to large Parrots many, found in Australia. Search for grubs on the trunks and branches of trees.
  • Amazons, medium sized Parrots native to South America and Caribbean.
  • Parakeets, small, active Parrots, mainly in Australia and South America.
  • Lorikeets are Australasian Parakeets which feed on nectar and pollen. A Lory is a heavily built Lorikeet.
  • Budgerigars are small Parakeets found wild in drier parts of Australia.
  • Rosellas are small Parrots native to Australia and will search for grubs on trees as well as eating fruit.
  • Lovebirds are small, slender billed, short tailed African Parrots.
  • Parrotlets are very small, short tailed Parrots found in the forests of South America.

Three sub-groups.

• Parrots, Macaws, Cockatoos and Amazons.
• Parakeets, Lorikeets, Budgerigars and Rosellas.
• Parrotlets and Lovebirds.