Medium sized birds found in stony or rocky habitats.

Wheatears are ground dwelling birds. All except Cyprus Wheatear favour rocky tundra and barren slopes. Cyprus Wheatear is a woodland bird which can be seen perched 5 to 10 metres above the ground like a Flycatcher. Click on to see a feature about Wheatears.

Ring Ouzel breeds in gullies, rocky areas or scree slopes. It is omnivorous, eating a wide range of insects, earthworms, small rodents, reptiles and berries. It nests in bushes or amongst rocks, laying several pale blue eggs, mottled with brown, in a neat cup-shaped nest.

Rock Fowl or Bald Crows are totally non-migratory, being dependent on a specialised rocky jungle habitat where their key requirements are overhanging boulders and forest leaf litter. They have un-feathered heads, and feed on insects and invertebrates picked from damp rocky areas. When foraging on the ground they move forward with hops and bounds, pausing to search for prey. The longish bill is used to turn over leaves and seize prey, but the feet are never used for either.

Rock Thrushes occupy mountains from foothills to the juniper tree zone, especially on precipitous rocky slopes above mountain streams, and on rocks strewn through forests. They nest site in holes or crevices in cliff, under overhanging rock, in caves or quarries.

Rock Jumpers are very specific in their choice of habitat. We found them nesting on the rocky hillside near to the coast in South Africa, They have short wings and fly very little.

Roadrunners take insects from the ground but have specialised in eating rodents, lizards and snakes. They are found in arid areas of North and Central America always close to thorny bushes which serve as a place of refuge when they feel threatened.


These birds account for 0.57% of the world's species.